Tourist Attractions - Tyre

Location:  83 Kilometers from Beirut.
Era: Phoenician, Roman, and Byzantine.

Other sites to explore:

  • Ras El Ain: Tyre's main source of water since Phoenician time, a collection of ancient wells.

  • Sarafand: The site for ancient Serpeta mentioned in the bible.

  • Tomb of Hiram: A burial site from the Phoenician era.


Tyre (Sour in Arabic) was the Queen of the Seas for the Phoenicians. The city was concurred by many rulers including   Nebuchadenezzar in the sixth century B.C. and Alexander the Great in 332 B.C. It was the Romans that left to Tyre a precious collection of monuments including an aqueduct, a triumphal arch and the largest hippodrome. After the Romans, the city was taken over by the Byzantine Empire. Later on the Ottomans ruled till after World War I.
   
A must-visit area in Tyre is what was previously a Phoenician Island that is now occupied with  civic buildings, colonnades, public baths, and mosaic streets from the Roman period. Next to the beach there is an area where the athletes used to train. Other parts of this interesting complex of buildings date to the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine periods.
   
The largest Roman hippodromeis dating to the 2nd Century A.D. is to be found in Tyre, a 480m structure that had the capacity to seat twenty thousand spectators. Within the same walking area, visitors can spot the necropolis and a three-bay monumental arch.