Tourist Attractions - Byblos

Location: 37 Kilometers from Beirut.
Era: Phoenician, Roman and Byzantine. 

Other sites to explore:

  1. Old Churches: Mar Nohra and Mar Semaan Chapel.

  2. Amchit Town: At Mount Lebanon, famous for its old houses and beaches.

  3. Nahr Ibrahim: South of Byblos, a valley of the ancient Adonis River.

  4. The great temple of Aphrodite-Venus: In front of the cave in Aqfa up the mountain.

Around 1200 B.C. the first form of primitive Alphabets emerged in Byblos. By 800 B.C., these scripts of Phoenician alphabets reached Greece, where it further developed into what we refer to today as modern alphabets. The inscription on the sarcophagus of King Ahiram of Byblos (1200-1000 B.C.) is to this day the earliest form of the Phoenician alphabet to be found.
   
After conquest by Alexander the Great, residents of Byblos adopted Greek customs culture, and even language. For several centuries, the Romans ruled over Byblos. during this time, large temples, baths and other buildings marking the Roman influence were built all around the city.
Today, traces of the Byzantine Period (395-637 A.D.) can still be felt in the city.

   
The Arabs started ruling Byblos around 637 A.D. but  archeological heritage for this period can hardly be found. In 1104 the city was taken over by the Crusaders who used the roman heritage as foundations to build their own castles.  Byblos returned to being a calm fishermen community under ruling of  the Mamlukes and the Ottomans.